8. Singular, Plural

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In our first lesson, we will talk about the ‘Singular, Plural’.

In English grammar, “singular” and “plural” refer to whether we’re talking about one thing (singular) or more than one thing (plural).

When we want to make a singular word into its plural form in English, we often add either “s” or “es” to the end of the word.

Singular Example:

Cat (one cat)
Book (one book)
Friend (one friend)

Plural Example:

Cats (more than one cat)
Books (more than one book)
Buses(more than one bus)

Now, here’s a simple rule:

If a word ends in a consonant (like cat), we usually add “s” to make it plural.
If a word ends in a vowel (like bus) or certain consonants (like “s” or “x”), we often add “es” to make it plural.

“s” Plural:

Cat (singular)
Cats (plural)


“es” Plural:

Bus (singular)
Buses (plural)

See the difference? When there’s just one of something, it’s singular. When there’s more than one, it’s plural. Easy, right?

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